March 19, 2008

Occasionally a new user will run in to mod_rewrite issues, so I’ll mention them marginally here. If the Cake welcome page looks a little funny (no images or css styles), it probably means mod_rewrite isn’t functioning on your system. Here are some tips to help get you up and running:

  1. Make sure that an .htaccess override is allowed: in your httpd.conf, you should have a section that defines a section for each Directory on your server. Make sure the AllowOverride is set to All for the correct Directory.

  2. Make sure you are editing the system httpd.conf rather than a user- or site-specific httpd.conf.

  3. For some reason or another, you might have obtained a copy of CakePHP without the needed .htaccess files. This sometimes happens because some operating systems treat files that start with ‘.’ as hidden, and don’t copy them. Make sure your copy of CakePHP is from the downloads section of the site or our SVN repository.

  4. Make sure you are loading up mod_rewrite correctly! You should see something like LoadModule rewrite_module libexec/httpd/mod_rewrite.so and AddModule mod_rewrite.c in your httpd.conf.

If you don’t want or can’t get mod_rewrite (or some other compatible module) up and running on your server, you’ll need to use Cake’s built in pretty URLs. In /app/config/core.php, uncomment the line that looks like:

define (‘BASE_URL’, env(‘SCRIPT_NAME’));

This will make your URLs look like www.example.com/index.php/controllername/actionname/param rather than www.example.com/controllername/actionname/param.

For cake 1.2
* To configure CakePHP *not* to use mod_rewrite and to
* use CakePHP pretty URLs, remove these .htaccess
* files:
* /.htaccess
* /app/.htaccess
* /app/webroot/.htaccess
* And uncomment the App.baseUrl below:
Configure::write(‘App.baseUrl’, env(‘SCRIPT_NAME’));

Gonzalo Escribano

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